Dr. Melina Throuvala, Prof. Mark Griffiths, Dr. Mike Rennoldson and Dr. Daria Kuss, Cyberpsychology Research Group, Nottingham Trent University (June 2021)
A summary of the results of a systematic literature review examining adolescent school-based prevention interventions for Internet and gaming addiction. The main inclusion criteria were: (i) all journal papers – referring to published protocols of preventive interventions, even if not accompanied by an evaluation, as well as any type of quantitative and qualitative evaluation of effectiveness; (ii) studies targeting adolescents, aged 11-17 years in a school environment; (iii) studies with publication dates between 2007-2017; (iv) full-text studies published in English, German, Spanish and Greek language (the native languages of the co-authors); and (iv) studies targeting multiple risk behaviours (i.e., drugs, alcohol), where IA was included as one of the targeted behaviours.
Professor Andy Phippen, University of Bournemouth and Professor Emma Bond, University of Suffolk (2020).
A summary of a study exploring the arrest and crime recording of minors in the UK for the generation or distribution of indecent images of children, under the 1978 Protection of Children Act. A series of FOIA requests were sent to UK police forces asking for figures on the volume of arrests of minors under Home Office crime code 86/2, and also the number of outcome 21 recordings made against minors related to image offences, since December 2016. 30 police forces sent responses and the data were collated for the two categories (Home Office Crime code 86/2 and outcome 21) over the specified time period. Trends in the data were examined.
Sonia Livingstone, Mariya Stoilova and Rishita Nandagiri (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)
A summary of the results of a project using systematic evidence mapping to review the existing knowledge base on children’s data and privacy online, identify research gaps and outline areas of potential policy and practice development. A comprehensive and methodical search strategy was utilised and included a broad range of sources including policy recommendations, case studies and advocacy guides. Three groups of search terms were combined to identify research about children, privacy and the digital environment.
Sonia Livingstone and Dongmiao Zhang (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)
An overview of the key findings relating to the possible digital inequalities between more and less societally advantaged groups, focusing on gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), parental education, family composition, as well as special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities. A nationally representative survey was carried out of 2,032 parents of children aged 0-17. Participants were recruited via an online panel, supplemented with a sample of low or non-internet users interviewed in-person. Participants were representative by region across the UK, representative by ethnic background, socio-economic status (SES), gender, and inclusion of parents with low or no internet use. The data were collected in 2017.
Sonia Livingstone, Alicia Blum-Ross and Dongmiao Zhang (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)
A summary of the key results relating to how UK parents view their own and their children’s digital privacy, sharing images of their children online, and how they negotiate new norms about parents’ roles in supporting their child’s safety and fostering their independence online. A nationally representative survey was carried out of 2,032 parents of children aged 0-17. Participants were recruited via an online panel, supplemented with a sample of low or non-internet users interviewed in-person. Participants were representative by region across the UK, representative by ethnic background, socio-economic status (SES), gender, and inclusion of parents with low or no internet use. The data were collected in 2017.
Alicia Blum-Ross and Sonia Livingstone (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)
An overview of the results of a qualitative study examining and critiquing the widely influential American Academy of Pediatrics’ (AAP) “screen time” guidelines (issued in 1999 and updated in 2016) through an exploration of whether the screen time rules and guidelines match up with reports of parents’ on-the-ground practices. Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 73 families in London, UK. The research balanced a purposive sample of parents for whom the digital offered something distinctive with others whom we recruited as a cross-section of families by age of child (from birth to 17), ethnicity and socio-economic status.
Sonia Livingstone and Alicia Blum-Ross (London School of Economics and Political Science) (February, 2019)
This study explored parents’ “digital imaginaries” (Mansell, 2012), seeking to understand how and why parents narrate for themselves and their children what it means to live in a “digital age” — in the present and in an anticipated “digital future.” It also considered how digital media are being used to tell such narratives, and what strategies and resources parents use in order to shape the present so as to optimise their child’s future. The study interviewed 73 families in London with dependent children in 2015 and 2016 who were diverse in socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and age of child(ren). It also involved parents of children with special needs who hope the digital will provide a much needed work-around to socioeconomic inclusion and a viable future.
Stephane Chaudron (European Commission) and colleagues (February, 2019)
A summary of the results of a project examining young children’s access to and use of digital technologies, as well as how parents mediated this use. The project involved seven countries: Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Italy, Russia and the United Kingdom. In each country, interviews and observations were undertaken with ten families in their homes, each with a child aged between 6 and 7. Families had at least one child who used a digital technology at least once a week. Each national sample was constituted to provide variety in the use of digital technology and family structures. Data were analysed using a thematic approach based on grounded theory in that an inductive approach was employed.
Brian O’Neill (Dublin Institute of Technology) (February, 2019)
An overview of the key findings from a briefing paper produced for the European Parliament’s CULT Committee which aimed to inform the process of implementing policies and initiatives to protect children and to identify crimes faced by children online, and document developments in information technology. It was based on the results of the EU Kids Online survey of 25,000 European 9- to 16-year-old internet users and their parents in 25 countries undertaken in 2010 (Livingstone et al., 2011), as well as the 2014 Net Children Go Mobile project - a similar survey focusing on mobile devices, with 3,500 European 9- to 16-year-old Internet users in 7 countries (Mascheroni & Cuman 2014).
Adrienne Katz (Youthworks) and Dr Aiman El Asam (University of Kingston) (February 2018)
A summary of the results of a large scale questionnaire study exploring the digital lives of those who are vulnerable offline compared to those of young people with no difficulties, as well as the relationships between five types of vulnerability and four categories of online risk. Data were collected via the annual Cybersurvey conducted in schools in Suffolk. Responses were obtained from 2988 young people aged 10-16 using an online questionnaire.